Types of Sewer Utilities
Residential, commercial and industrial premises un various activities that require water and removal of wastewater hence water and sewer utilities are very important. Industrial, residential and commercial facilities require potable water for a smooth running of their activities hence a water utility system is put in place for providing this water. Waste water generated from the various premises in an area is collected in the sewer utilities where it is carried to a common place for processing or disposal. Pipes for facilitating service delivery in water and sewer utilities usually run together as they both serve the same region although some sewer utilities run underground. Water pipes are required to be above the sewer pipe to prevent chances of contamination in situations where there is a leakage in the sewer pipes.
Waste water which is known as sewage is usually transported in sewer utilities to a place where it is either treated or disposed. The sewage usually comprises all the wastewater from all residential, commercial and industrial premises in an area. There are places which make the sewer utilities to accommodate both the sewage and storm water mainly in urban areas where the land is cemented hence hard for the water to infiltrate. Sewage water and storm water can also be carried in two separate sewer utilities as they may be designed in an area. With the two systems, sewage and storm water can be managed differently as they have different wastes and can be put into different use when recycled. In a treatment plant where wastewater is taken, the organic nod inorganic pollutants are removed making the water safe for disposal into the environment. Sewer and water utility services are run by one company hence user pay for both services as one to the company. The payments made are used for the proper running and maintenance of the sewer utilities.
There are also some area that are not connected to the municipal sewer utilities hence they use the septic tanks. Septic tanks are either made of concrete, plastic or fiberglass to collect wastewater. The septic tanks are common in residential areas mainly for a single home where the users are few. Also, septic tanks can be able to treat the wastewater by the use of microorganism present inside. There are some measures one has to put in place to ensure prper running of the septic tank. This includes avoiding disposing too much oil into the septic tanks or dangerous chemicals that are likely to damage the septic tank or even kill bacteria responsible for treating the waste water. Septic tanks should be placed beneath the ground and they should be made in a way that they do not leak r release odors into the environment. Septic tanks are also required to be located at least 5 feet from the house in most areas.